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Clematis 'Étoile Violette' (Vt)

Clematis 'Étoile Violette' (Vt)



About this cultivar:

Clematis 'Étoile Violette' (Vt) translates as 'Violet Star. It boasts a robust stature as a deciduous climber, adorned with mid-green leaves arranged in 5 leaflets. During mid to late summer, it showcases an abundance of single flowers. These blooms feature four to six broad, velvety-textured deep purple sepals, complemented by a small cluster of cream stamens. An easy, old fashioned Clematis guaranteed to do well.

An 1885 introduction from Francisque Morel (1849-1925) of Lyon.

The species, Clematis viticella, the Italian leather flower or 'Virgin's bower', is native to Europe. The climber was the first clematis imported into English gardens, first reported grown in 1569 by Hugh Morgan, apothecary to Elizabeth I of England. The epithet means 'Little vine'. The great attraction of the viticellas is their freedom from "troubles" and their adaptability to many different garden uses. Container growth is even a possibility but the container had better not be small. Trellises, fences, pillars, arbors, all are feasible supports, but more and more gardeners seem to enjoy the imaginative challenge of combining plants like this one with hosts or companions in the landscape—small trees, big open shrubs, and perhaps most of all, roses.

OK, if you want to prune at all, the standard procedure is to hard-prune it at some time between the close of bloom in the autumn and the first signs of new growth in the Spring. Most of the time that will keep it flowering well. But sometimes there may be a good reason to do otherwise. What if the goal is simply to let the vine grow as much as it can?!?!? Then, just relax and let it do its thing.

    • Position: Full sun, partial shade
    • Soil: Almost any soil, grows well in Ballyrobert
    • Flowers: July, August, September
    • Other features: Grows well in Ballyrobert, Royal Horticultural Society Award of Garden Merit (RHS AGM)
    • Hardiness: H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15°C), Fully hardy - grows well in Ballyrobert!
    • Habit: Climbing
    • Foliage: Deciduous
    • Height: 200 - 400 cm (6.5 - 12.5 ft) can prune smaller
    • Spread: 100 - 200 cm (3.5 - 7 ft)
    • Time to full growth: 2 to 5 years
    • Plant type: Herbaceous Perennial, climber
    • Colour: Purple, green
    • Goes well with: Drainpipes, roses, trees, walls, anything they can climb; even other clematis 

      About this genus:

      Clematis, is one of our favorite genus. But not just ours. William Robinson (1838-1935) said about them ‘As hardy as the British Oak…I believe them to be the finest of all hardy flowers and wish them a pleasant time with their admirers.’ Christopher Lloyd (1921-2006) even started a specialty Clematis nursery within his famous garden at Great Dixter.

      Clematis (meaning"a climbing plant" in ancient Greek) is a genus of about 300 species within the buttercup family (Ranunculaceae). Their garden hybrids have been popular among gardeners, beginning with Clematis × jackmanii, a garden standby since 1862. Most species are known as clematis in English, while some are also known as traveller's joy, (a name invented for the sole British native, C. vitalba, by the herbalist John Gerard), virgin's bower, old man's beard, leather flower or vase vine.

      Clematis are mainly found throughout the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, rarely in the tropics. The wild Clematis species native to China made their way into Japanese gardens by the 17th century. Japanese garden selections were the first exotic clematises to reach European gardens, in the 18th century.

      The climbing varieties are valued for their ability to scramble up walls, fences, and other structures, and also to grow through other plants, such as shrubs and trees. Some can be trained along the ground to provide cover. Because of their adaptability and masses of spectacular flowers, clematis are among the most popular of all garden plants. Because different cultivars flower during different seasons it is, in theory,  possible to have a clematis in flower at any time throughout the year. 

      They will grow in almost any garden soils and situations, many can be grown in containers. They are a great plant for any garden - don't believe they are for informal gardens only. We grow them almost everywhere in Ballyrobert. Try them with drainpipes, shrubs, roses, trees, anything they can climb;even other clematis.

      Much confusion surrounds Clematis pruning. We say - don't worry. As mentioned above, Christopher Lloyd had a specialty Clematis nursery. Here is a I-think-relevant 1969 quote of his  "[The] gardener’s eternally repeated question “When should I?” and “What’s the best time to?”, I've concluded that nine times out of ten the answer is “When you’re thinking about it; when you’re in the mood.”" Amen to that.